Hair transplantation is an effective way of reducing the effects of hair loss, which will make a person’s life positive in all respects. It is an extremely important microsurgical procedure that is performed with minimal surgical intervention and has a positive effect on the appearance. Hair loss is an alarming situation that no one wants to survive. Hair transplant surgery is a proven solution for people suffering from male pattern baldness, also known as androgenetic alopecia. In addition, people who have scarring or hair loss for other reasons can also safely undergo the hair transplant procedure.
Indications for hair transplant
Hair, like any other organ, is prone to various diseases. Some of them can be inherited, others can be acquired throughout life. Depending on the cause of baldness, the treatment method is selected.
- Androgenetic alopecia
An inherited disease is hair thinning, which in men leads to thinning or baldness in the frontal, semi-temporal and parietal areas, and in women, to thinning hair in the parietal areas.
- Scarring alopecia
It arises as a result of injuries: thermal or chemical burns. It can also be caused by infections (viral, bacterial, fungal) causing inflammation around the hair follicle where the scar appears.
Hair loss in women
- Known as the earliest stage in hair loss. The first signs of thinning appear at the top of the head
- Diffuse (wide): The appearance of the front hairline with a diffusion that is visible all over the scalp
- The next type is expressed by the gradual expansion of the thinning area of the front and upper parts of the head, which is already becoming noticeable.
- There is a marked thinning and complete baldness of the upper part of the head, but the frontal hairline is still preserved. At this point, the only solution is a hair transplant.
- Locations where alopecia gradually forms along the center section of the crown, with a predominant thinning of hair closer to the frontal area
- Male bilateral alopecia from the forehead line.
Hair transplant in women
Despite the fact that the basic principles are the same, the hair transplant should be carried out taking into account the specific conditions of women’s life. The FUE method is the most commonly practiced.
The steps of hair transplantation in women are as follows:
- There is no need to completely remove all hair during the female hair transplant process.
- A small area of the donor site is shaved on the back of the head, which will be unnoticeable after the procedure is completed.
- After local anesthesia, the follicular units are collected using special tools with a tip of 0.6 mm or 0.8 mm in diameter.
- Then, where hair loss occurs, the microchannels open and the hair follicles are implanted one at a time, taking into account the direction and angle of the hair.
If the hair transplant is to be done between existing hair, it is done using the implant technique.
Alopecia in men
- Slight alopecia – bald spots in the frontal area
- Moderate alopecia – bald patches in the temporal and frontal areas, hair thinning on the crown
- Alopecia significantly diffuse – no hair on frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital parts
- Partial alopecia – hairline receding in the most unexpected places.
FUE hair transplant
FUE is a method that allows you to transplant up to 3,000 hair follicles (hair follicles) without reducing the density of the hair on the back of the head. Permanent hair transplant starts to grow after 3 months. FUE hair transplantation can be performed using sapphire blades that have recently been introduced and provide more successful results. This is mainly because wounds made with blades made of smooth sapphire crystals heal faster and leave a barely noticeable scar. Providing significant aesthetic success in collecting hair follicles involves a distinctive aspect of the FUE technique. It is this innovation that has made FUE popular and preferred over the FUT method. The FUT method removes a small strip of tissue from the back of the head and extracts individual follicular units from that strip, while in FUE each follicular unit is individually drawn directly from the head through small circular incisions. Thus, the risk of injury is eliminated.
Depending on the length of each follicular unit, it is important to use needles with a diameter of 0.7 to 0.8 mm, or if there are about 3-4-5 hairs in the follicle block, needles with a diameter of 0.8 mm are used. The sharpness of the needles are elements that have a significant impact on the success of the operation. Another important factor is the extraction of the follicles with high accuracy to avoid damaging the hair follicles, for example in patients with curly hair there is a special needle which has a corrugated shape and does not damage the follicle. All these elements are improvements planned by the doctor before the procedure that are specially designed for each patient.